Child Criminal and Sexual Exploitation Training
The information on this page forms part of your training. Please ensure you read it thoroughly before attending the virtual event.
Welcome to the Child Criminal and Sexual Exploitation Training. On this page and in the accompanying virtual briefing we will be covering the following objectives:
· To understand what Child Criminal/Sexual Exploitation is
· To learn words and terminologies used
· To understand ‘push and pull factors’ of exploitation
· Be confident in responding to concerns
· To introduce the new CE Assessment Tool and Checklist launching in Wirral
You should undertake this training as directed by your line manager and be aware of your own well-being. If you are upset by anything in this module you should seek support from your manager or a colleague.
What is Child Sexual Exploitation?
Child sexual exploitation (CSE) is a type of sexual abuse. When a child or young person is exploited, they are given gifts, drugs, money, status and affection, in exchange for performing sexual activities. Children and young people are often tricked into believing they are in a loving and consensual relationship. This is called grooming. They may trust their abuser and will not recognise that they are being abused. This raises the importance of addressing the topic of sexual consent with young people, as often victims of CSE believe they are in a consenting relationship.
This video below shows the process of a young person being groomed online:
What is Child Criminal Exploitation?
Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE) is when a young person is given items such as gifts, drugs, money, status and affection, in exchange for committing criminal acts. A child or young person may be coerced or forced to sell drugs, store weapons or drugs, and perform sexual acts on others. The young person will be manipulated into believing that they are in control of what they are doing, and that the groomer is a friend.
This video below shows the process of a young person being groomed and sent to another area to deal drugs (This is known as county lines.)
The videos above are examples of two different grooming models; the online model; and county lines. During the training we will consider other grooming models.
What makes a child vulnerable?
Below are some issues that can make a child more vulnerable to abuse:
· Living in a chaotic or dysfunctional household (including parental substance use, domestic violence, parental mental health issues, parental criminality)
· History of abuse
· Recent bereavement or loss
· Gang association either through relatives, peers or intimate relationships (in cases of gang associated CE only) / living in a gang neighbourhood
· Attending school with or having friends who are exploited
· Learning disabilities
· Unsure about their sexual orientation or unable to disclose sexual orientation to their families
· Homeless/living in residential care/ living in a hostel or bed and breakfast accommodation
· Lacking friends from the same age group
These are all issues that will make a child more vulnerable to CE however any child can be a victim. During the virtual training we consider these vulnerabilities, and what pushes or pulls a child into being exploited.
Other issues to consider
Using financial abuse – Sometimes abusers use violence and intimidation against a child. They may lend them large sums of money they know cannot be repaid.
Trafficking – Children can be trafficked into or within the UK to be criminally/sexually exploited. The abusers will move them around the country.
Anybody can be a perpetrator regardless of age, gender or race. The relationship could be framed as friendship, someone to look up to. Children and young people who are exploited may also be used to ‘find’ or coerce others to join groups.
Missing from home or care – will often be linked to Exploitation.
For more information on the service that Catch22 offer across the Wirral Please click on this link, there is also a list of signs and indicators on there that will be useful to read before the training.
National Reviews of CE
The Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel are an independent panel who oversee the statutory case review process. The panel periodically commissions reviews of national significance. The first of these reviews, about safeguarding children at risk from criminal exploitation was published in March 2020. Click the link to access the report It was Hard to Escape
To book onto a virtual session click on the date you wish to attend:
Please ensure you have registered for training before attempting to book a place. Each individual person requires their own registration – do not book places for other people, they will not be recorded as having attended and will not receive a certificate